Alopecia means hair loss. There are many causes including autoimmune, hormonal, behavioral, stress, and sometimes unknown causes. Depending on the type of alopecia, underlying cause, severity and stage, treatment can range from topical medications to oral medications to hair transplantation.
Diagnosis is usually based history (information you give Dr. Buster) and physical exam. Dr. Buster may also perform 1-2 biopsies to see what is going on microscopically. Biopsy may show the type and location of inflammation present as well as the degree of hair loss (in that sample) and confirm presence of scarring. This can sometimes help Dr. Buster to further tailor your treatment.